called "liver spots." Flat, brown areas usually found on the face,
hands, back and feet. They are associated with aging, but chronic
sun exposure is a major cause. They are easily removed by a
carcinoma—a skin cancer that develops in the basal layer of the
skin—deeper than the surface layer. It is associated with aging and
years of chronic sun exposure. Basal cell carcinoma seldom spreads
to other parts of the body, but can be disfiguring if not treated
surgical procedure to correct the "droopy" look of eyelids due to
excess fat pads and skin.
chemical solution is applied to the skin, causing the skin to
blister and peel off over a period of days. As the treated skin
peels off, new and more pliant skin replaces it. Chemical peeling is
a procedure for facial skin rejuvenation.
procedure that uses a rapidly rotating brush to plane off the
surface layer of skin, remove scars, and improve the appearance of
Inflammation of the skin.
– Medical condition caused by the thyroid gland producing too much
thyroid hormone. This leads to an overactive (hyper) thyroid. Signs
(what is seen) and symptoms (what a person with the condition feels)
include feeling hot even when others do not, weight loss due to
increased metabolism, and difficulty sleeping. Sometimes a person
with hyperthyroidism gains weight due to an increased appetite.
People with this condition may be easily irritated and upset. In the
elderly, these signs and symptoms may not occur, making the
condition difficult to detect.
of various wavelengths and power are used to remove wrinkles, crease
lines, age spots, and other effects of aging and photoaging. Lasers
also can be used to treat spider veins, to remove unwanted hair, and
to remove some skin cancers.
– Loss of fat from underneath the skin. Common causes are aging and
surgical procedure that vacuums fatty deposits from under the skin.
Often effective for removal of fatty deposits that do not respond to
skin cancer that arises in melanocytes, the dark pigment cells of
the skin. Melanoma usually arises in a pre-existing mole or other
pigmented lesion. It is the deadliest form of skin cancer.
treatment for varicose veins. The enlarged vein is removed through
tiny incisions made along its length. The procedure is called
ambulatory phlebectomy when it is performed in an outpatient
facility and the patient goes home the same day.
damage that accumulates in the skin from years of excessive and
chronic sun exposure. Photoaging accounts for much of the facial
"old look" associated with aging.
– A chronic skin condition that most commonly appears as patches of
raised, red skin covered by scale. These patches, or plaques, are
commonly found on the elbows, knees, lower back, and scalp. There
are five different types of psoriasis, and the signs (what is seen)
differ for each type. Some who develop psoriasis also get psoriatic
arthritis, a medical condition that causes pain, stiffness, and
swelling in and around the joints. In rare cases, a person may
develop psoriatic arthritis first. For more information, see
lift). A surgical procedure to trim excess skin on cheeks, shin,
neck, and around the mouth.
treatment for varicose veins and spider veins. A chemical solution
injected into the enlarged vein causes it to collapse and form scar
or black raised spots, or wart-like growths that appear to be stuck
to the surface of the skin. They are harmless but unsightly. They
are easily removed by a dermatologist.
Shingles – Medical
condition that develops when the varicella-zoster virus, the virus
that causes chicken pox, is reactivated. The first sign is usually a
rash that forms a band or patch of raised bumps. As shingles
progresses, small blisters form. A person may experience mild to
severe itching and pain. Other symptoms are fever, chills, headache,
and upset stomach. Shingles only occurs in people who have had
augmentation—a substance compatible
with body tissues is injected under the skin to elevate
irregularities such as wrinkles, pits and scars. Substances used for
injection include collagen and self-donated body fat.
superficial veins that enlarge and appear as a "sunburst" pattern of
reddish and purplish veins.
Squamous cell carcinoma—a
skin cancer that develops in the outer layers of the skin. It is one
of the forms of skin cancer closely associated with aging and years
of sun exposure. Squamous cell carcinoma is capable of spreading to
other organs and should be treated as soon as it is detected.
- Enlarged blood vessels that appear blue and bulge under the skin.
These veins occur from the backward flow of blood caused by damaged
or diseased valves in the veins. They can be unsightly and may be
associated with symptoms such as swelling, cramping, aching,
throbbing, and fatigue of the legs and feet.
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